It’s important to consider the flow of materials in and out of the loading docks, and how they relate to the in-plant process.
Many facilities will utilize a separate dock system, and will install a receiving dock for raw materials coming in, and a shipping dock for finished products going out.
This allows a much smoother transition on the loading dock floor, as two separate functions aren’t trying to work around each other.
It also eliminates costly forklift travel of products back to the dock, and the subsequent labor costs to employ those movers.
Having two separate docks work best in plants where materials enter production in one section of the building, and production is completed in another section.
If the operation is small enough, and shipping and receiving is fairly infrequent, a combined dock will suffice.